Hematology tests include tests on the blood, blood proteins and blood-producing organs. These tests can evaluate a variety of blood conditions including infection,anemia, inflammation, hemophilia, blood-clotting disorders, leukemia and the body’s response to chemotherapy treatments
All biochemical tests come under chemical pathology. These are performed on any kind of body fluid, but mostly on serum or plasma. Serum is the yellow watery part of blood that is left after blood has been allowed to clot and all blood cells have been removed.
A serology blood test is performed to detect and measure the levels of antibodies as a result of exposure to a particular bacteria or virus. When people are exposed to bacteria or viruses (antigens), their body’s immune system produces specific antibodies against the organism.
Histopathology & Cytology
The examination of sampled whole tissues under the microscope. Three main types of specimen are received by the pathology laboratory.This type of material is usually liquid rather than solid, and is submitted for Cytology or Histology.
Molecular Biology (PCR Study)
Polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, is a technique to make many copies of a specific DNA region in vitro. PCR has many research and practical applications. It is routinely used in DNA cloning, medical diagnostics, and forensic analysis of DNA.
Hormones are detected in the bloods. Most hormones can be detected in the blood .Blood test can detect thyroid, estrogen, testosterone, and cortisol levels.